District Collectorate has the years of history. In 1803 CH. Churchill is the first collector for the district. The Collectorate was at P.R.Degree College up to 1907. On 4 December 1903 Madras governor Ampthil laid a foundation stone for present collectorate and completed in 1907. Stones, Limestone was used in constructing the collectorate. R & B Guest House, Bennet Club, Andhra Bank, STPI Civil Supply Office, BC Corporation, Nedcap, Vikasa etc. are there in the premises of the collectorate. Municipal Guest House, R&B S.E office are constructed in the surroundings of the collectorate.
The corner stone of this majestic historic building was laid by H.E. Lord Ampthil G.C.I.E., the Governor of Madras on 04-12-1903. Construction of the building was completed in 1906 in Neoclassical architectural style. The total expenditure was Rs. 1,59,832/- as per the records available in the R & B Department. The foundation was of stone masonry work and the building was constructed with stone and lime mortar. The length of the building is 85.34 metres, Height is 9.5 meters and Plinth area is 1953 Sq.meters. Subsequent additions to the structure were made as and when required in the same year, i.e., 1906, a shed for Ryots with 112 Sq.m area at a cost of Rs. 2,899-00 and stables at a cost of Rs. 3001-00 were built. The architectural planning, layout of the rooms, their spaciousness, ventilation, circulation area, elevational features are all functional. The columned Corridors, Stono Piers with carved capital and Semi circular arches with keystone are the characterstics of the building. Because of the wedge type of bonding in stone masonry and its bulkiness, the building can withstand to the effects of earthquakes.
The Collectorate play a pivotal role in the District administration. Collector in the Cadre of I.A.S heads the District. He acts as the District Magistrate for maintaining Law and Order in his jurisdiction. He deals mainly with planning and development, law and order, scheduled areas/agency areas, general elections, arms licensing etc.
The Joint Collector who also belongs to the I.A.S Cadre runs the Revenue administration under various enactments in the District. He is also designated as Additional District Magistrate. He mainly deals with civil supplies, land matters, mines and minerals, village officers etc.
The Joint Collector-II who is a non I.A.S cadre Special Grade Deputy Collector looks after various developmental activities pertaining to various departments.The Major departments looked after by Joint Collector-II are District Medical and Health Department, Social Welfare Department, BC Welfare, BC Corporation, Disable Welfare, Housing and Other Departments.
The District Revenue Officer (DRO) in the Cadre of Special Grade Deputy Collectors assists the Collector and Joint Collector in discharging their duties. The District Revenue Officer looks after all the branches of the Collectorate. He deals mainly with general administration and is vested with supervision of day-to-day functions of the Collectorate.
The Administrative Officer in the rank of a Tahsildar is the general assistant to the Collector. He directly supervises all the sections in the Collectorate and most of the files are routed through him.
The Collectorate is divided into 8 sections as per the administrative reforms taken up by the Government of Andhra Pradesh. An alphabet letter is given to each section for easy reference.
Section A :: Deals with Establishment and Office Procedures
Section B :: Deals with Accounts and audit
Section C :: Deals with Magisterial (Court/Legal) matters
Section D :: Deals with Land Revenue and relief
Section E :: Deals with Land Administration
Section F :: Deals with Land Reforms
Section G :: Deals with Land Acquisition
Section H :: Deals with Protocol, Elections and Residuary work.