Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary is a wildlife sanctuary is the second largest stretch of mangrove forests in India with 24 mangrove tree species and more than 120 bird species. It is home to the critically endangered white-backed vulture and the long billed vulture. In a mangrove ecosystem the water bodies of the ocean/sea and the river meet together at a certain point.
East Godavari District Tallarevu Mandal Korangi is well known for the Mangrove Forests. Mangrove Forest is spread over 332.66 Sq. Km Forest department had announced this area as a sanctuary in 1978. The animal called 'Water Cat' is protected in this area. Scientists identified that Korangi sanctuary has 34 Species of plants like Guggilam, Tella Mada, Nalla Mada, Ponna, Taagara, Kaalinga, Oorudu, Eelvamada, Tilla, Eelakoora, Aalchi, Nallateega, Chillinga, Paalabidda Teega, Kaandriga and also identified some medicinal plants.
Korangi Sanctuary is home to different types of birds. More than 108 types of birds are there in Korangi sanctuary. Many birds travel from other countries to Korangi sanctuary every year. There is a boating facility to explore the beauty of Mangrove Forest.
Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary is 18 km from the port city of Kakinada, on the Kakinada-Yanam state highway in Chollangi Village, nestling on the deltaic branches of Gouthami and Godavari Rivers at Kakinada Bay.
The District Wise distribution of mangrove forests are as below:
DISTRICT AREA IN HECTARES East Godavari 33.266 Krishna 16.463 Guntur 8.490 Total 58.219
Importance of Mangroves to Mankind
- Mangroves forest act as a barrier against the coastal storms, high velocity winds, and the high tidal waves thus protecting the villages and the agricultural land.
- Mangroves are a highly productive ecosystem, and supply nutrients to the marine living resources and thus increasing the Fish, Prawn, Crab etc., production.
- Mangroves provide shelter to the wildlife particularly as nesting ground for migratory birds.
- They protect the coast-line from erosion and also it reclaims land from the sea.
- They build up and extend coastal soil by accumulation and stabilisation of sediments.
- They provide highly valued products like timber for boat building, Bark for tanning, Seedlings for food etc.
December to June: By boat and By foot.
Forest Rest Houses are available at :
- Kakinada. Contact:Division Forest Officer (Territorial), Madhavanagar, Kakinada, Phone no: 0884 – 2379381 or Phone no: 0884 – 2367460.